Not all the material which was taped had been coded. As our focus had been on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports shows and occasions, and paid development, along with all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually because of their unique traits and they are perhaps perhaps not reported here. The analyses introduced in this paper, but, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, demonstrates that had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. weren’t coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test for the 2002 2003 season included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test when it comes to 2nd content analysis had been significantly bigger than the initial 12 months’s test once we made a concerted effort in 12 months 2 to ensure we had three episodes of each and every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence into the sampling plan, extra taping had been needed whenever, for instance, brand brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or once the time and time slot for a set ended up being changed.
The codebook for the bigger study had been based considerably regarding the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation. We http://www.chaturbatewebcams.com/asian created extra products, including those on exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals. In comparison to Kunkel and peers, who used the scene because the unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 minute periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in total and, therefore, never offer a consistent product of measure in making evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard considering time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including movies, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes for this content analysis, sex ended up being understood to be any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications associated with relationship and relationships, that have been maybe perhaps not coded. For instance, a declaration such as вЂњI favor my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made want to my boyfriendвЂќ could be coded.
Exact exact Same intercourse intimate behavior
Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one sort of sexual intercourse tracked in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 has also been examined for the existence of exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period happened between two different people of this sex that is same.
Explore nonheterosexual intimate problems
Each 2 interval that is minute was indeed coded as containing one or more example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., reviews about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about intercourse who has currently occurred, mention sex crimes) ended up being additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Because of this product, coders once once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Most frequently, such responses linked to gays and lesbians, although periodically these were connected with bisexuals.