Author-Date: Sample Citations

Author-Date: Sample Citations

The next examples illustrate the author-date system. Each illustration of a reference list entry is followed closely by a typical example of a matching in-text citation. To get more details and a whole lot more examples, see chapter 15 associated with the Chicago handbook of Style. For types of the exact same citations making use of the records and bibliography system, stick to the Notes and Bibliography website website link above.

Guide list entries (in alphabetical purchase)

Grazer east meets east dating, Brian, and Charles Fishman. 2015. A interested brain: the key to a more impressive Life. Nyc: Simon & Schuster.

Smith, Zadie. 2016. Swing Time. Ny: Penguin Press.

In-text citations

(Grazer and Fishman 2015, 12)

(Smith 2016, 315–16)

For lots more examples, see 1 5. 40 – 45 into the Chicago handbook of Style.

Chapter or any other element of a modified book

Into the guide list, range from the web page range for the chapter or component. Into the text, cite specific pages.

Guide list entry

Thoreau, Henry Dav The generating of the United states Essay, modified by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.

In-text citation

(Thoreau 2016, 177–78)

In certain situations, you might want to cite the collection in general instead.

Guide list entry

D’Agata, John, ed. 2016. The generating of the United states Essay. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.

In-text citation

(D’Agata 2016, 177–78)

For more details, see 15.36 and 15.42 within the Chicago handbook of Style.

Translated book

Guide list entry

Lahiri, Jhumpa. 2016. Put Simply. Translated by Ann Goldstein. Ny: Alfred A. Knopf.

In-text citation

(Lahiri 2016, 146)


For books consulted on line, include A url or perhaps the title associated with the database into the guide list entry. The format for other types of e-books, name. If no fixed web page figures can be found, cite a part name or perhaps a chapter or any other quantity into the text, if any (or just omit).

Guide list entries (in alphabetical purchase)

Austen, Jane. 2007. Pride and Prejudice. Nyc: Penguin Classics. Kindle.

Borel, Brooke. 2016. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ProQuest Ebrary.

Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Http: //press-pubs. Uchicago.edu/founders/.

Melville, Herman. 1851. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. Nyc: Harper & Brothers. Http: //mel. Hofstra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs. Html.

In-text citations

(Austen 2007, chap. 3)

(Kurland and Lerner 1987, chap. 10, doc. 19)

(Melville 1851, 627)

Journal article

Within the guide list, range from the web web web page range when it comes to article that is whole. Within the text, cite certain page figures. For articles consulted on the web, come with A address or the true title regarding the database in the reference list entry. Numerous articles that are journal a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). A DOI forms A url that is permanent that https: //doi.org/. This Address is superior to the Address that seems in your browser’s target club.

Guide list entries (in alphabetical purchase)

Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. 2017. “Expanding university Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Results on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality. ” Journal of Human Capital 11, number 1 (springtime): 1–34. Https: //doi.org/10.1086/690235.

LaSalle, Peter. 2017. “Conundrum: A Tale about Reading. ” New England Review 38 (1): 95–109. Project MUSE.

Satterfield, Susan. 2016. “Livy plus the Pax Deum. ” Traditional Philology 111, no. 2 (April): 165–76.

In-text citations

(Keng, Lin, and Orazem 2017, 9–10)

(LaSalle 2017, 95)

(Satterfield 2016, 170)

Journal articles usually list numerous writers, specially in the sciences. If you can find four or maybe more authors, list as much as ten within the guide list; when you look at the text, list just the very first, accompanied by et al. (“and others”). The first seven in the reference list, followed by et al for more than ten authors (not shown here), list.

Guide list entry

Bay, Rachael A., Noah Rose, Rowan Barrett, Louis Bernatchez, Cameron K. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. 2017. “Predicting Reactions to Modern Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures. ” Us Naturalist 189, number 5 (might): 463–73. Https: //doi.org/10.1086/691233.

In-text citation

(Bay et al. 2017, 465)

To get more examples, see 1 5. 46–49 into the Chicago handbook of Style.

Information or mag article

Articles from magazines or news internet web sites, mags, blog sites, and stuff like that are cited likewise. Within the guide list, it could be beneficial to duplicate the 12 months with sources which are cited additionally by thirty days and time. Web web Page figures, if any, could be cited into the text but they are omitted from the guide list entry. In the event that you consulted the content on the web, consist of A address or even the true name associated with the database.

Guide list entries (in alphabetical purchase)

Manjoo, Farhad. 2017. “Snap Makes a Bet regarding the Cultural Supremacy for the digital digital Camera. ” Nyc Circumstances, March 8, 2017. Https: //www. Nytimes.com/2017/03/08/technology/snap-makes-a-bet-on-the-cultural-supremacy-of-the-camera. Html.

Mead, Rebecca. 2017. “The Prophet of Dystopia. ” Brand Brand Brand New Yorker, April 17, 2017.

Pai, Tanya. 2017. “The Squishy, Sugary Reputation For Peeps. ” Vox, 11, 2017 april. Http: //www. Vox.com/culture/2017/4/11/15209084/peeps-easter.

Pegoraro, Rob. 2007. “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple. ” Washington Post, July 5, 2007. LexisNexis Academic.

In-text citation

Visitors comments that are cited when you look at the text but omitted from the guide list.

In-text citation

(Eduardo B Los Angeles, March 9, 2017, comment on Manjoo 2017)

For lots more examples, see 15. 49 (papers and mags) and 1 5. 51 (blog sites) within the Chicago handbook of Style.

Book review

Guide list entry

Kakutani, Michiko. 2016. “Friendship Has a path That Diverges. ” Article on Swing Time, by Zadie Smith. Nyc Occasions, November 7, 2016.

In-text citation


Guide list entry

Stamper, Kory. 2017. “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb, ’ exactly How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English. ” Interview by Terry Gross. Oxygen, NPR, 19, 2017 april. Sound, 35:25. Http: //www. Npr.org/2017/04/19/524618639/from-f-bomb-to-photobomb-how-the-dictionary-keeps-up-with-english.

In-text citation

Thesis or dissertation

Guide list entry

Rutz, Cynthia Lillian. 2013. “ King Lear and its own Folktale Analogues. ” PhD diss., University of Chicago.

In-text citation

(Rutz 2013, 99–100)

Site content

It is enough only to describe website pages along with other content that is website the written text (“As of might 1, 2017, Yale’s house web page detailed… ”). If an even more formal citation is required, it may possibly be styled such as the examples below. For the supply that will not record a night out together of revision or publication, usage n.d. (for “no date”) instead of the and include an access date year.

Guide list entries (in alphabetical order)

Bouman, Katie. 2016. “How to just Take a photo of a Ebony Hole. ” Filmed 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA november. Movie, 12:51. Https: //www. Ted.com/talks/katie_bouman_what_does_a_black_hole_look_like.

Bing. 2017. “Privacy Policy. ” Privacy & Terms. Final modified 17, 2017 april. Https.com/policies/privacy/ that is: //www. Google.

Yale University. N.d. “About Yale: Yale Facts. ” Accessed Might 1, 2017. Https.edu/about-yale/yale-facts that are: //www. Yale.

In-text citations

(Yale University, n.d. )

For lots more examples, see 1 5. 50–52 within the Chicago handbook of Style. For multimedia, including real time performances, see 1 5. 57.

Social media marketing content

Citations of content provided through social networking can often be restricted to the text (such as the very first instance below). If a far more citation that is formal required, a guide list entry could be appropriate. In the place of a title, quote up towards the first 160 figures associated with the post. Feedback are cited in mention of the the initial post.

Conan O’Brien’s tweet was characteristically deadpan: “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets” (@ConanOBrien, April 22, 2015).

Guide list entries (in alphabetical purchase)

Chicago Handbook of Style. 2015. “Is the planet prepared for single they? We thought therefore back 1993. ” Facebook, April 17, 2015. Https: //www. Facebook.com/ChicagoManual/posts/10152906193679151.

Souza, Pete (@petesouza). 2016. “President Obama bids farewell to President Xi of Asia towards the end associated with Nuclear safety Summit. ” Instagram picture, 1, 2016 april. Https: //www. Instagram.com/p/BDrmfXTtNCt/.

In-text citations

(Chicago handbook of type 2015)

(Michele Truty, April 17, 2015, 1:09 p.m., comment on Chicago handbook of type 2015)

Private interaction

Private communications, including e-mail and texts and direct communications delivered through social networking, usually are cited when you look at the text just; they have been hardly ever contained in a guide list.

In-text citation

(Sam Gomez, Twitter message to writer, 1, 2017 august)